Life Scope

Happy With Knowledges



Are you making meaningful use of this scarce and precious day?”

Be happy with words!

Instead of ………………use


21 Homographs That’ll Make

Your Facebook Friends Scratch Their Heads

Facebook friend scratching his head

Let’s face it – English is a crazy language. There is no ham in hamburger,

no egg in eggplant, neither apple nor pine in pineapple. French fries weren’t invented in France,

and English muffins

weren’t invented in England. Furthermore, quicksand can work slowly, boxing rings are square

and a guinea pig is not from Guinea nor is it a pig!

English is also a silly language at times, too. I mean, who in their right mind would create two


with the same spelling and different meanings? I am of course talking about those pesky homographs.

For example: “He wound up the clock with ease, even though he had a wound to his right hand.”


How ridiculous!

Of course, you could, and probably would, rephrase that sentence to avoid the homographs.

But there are times when we find ourselves accidentally sucked into the vacuum, and like a dog’s mess

gracing the pavement of a dark lane, we occasionally step on a homograph-ridden sentence.

Now, before we dive into our list of homographs for your grammatical pleasure, bear in mind

that a homograph that is also pronounced differently is called a ‘heteronym’. Oh, and while we’re here,

don’t forget the ‘homophone’, which is when two or more words share the same pronunciation but have

different meanings, and may or may not be spelled the same way.

And one last thing…

The homograph, heteronym and homophone are all types of ‘homonym’; which is defined as two or

more words that share

the same spelling, or the same pronunciation, or both, but have different meanings.

Confused? Don’t sweat it. Your friends will scratch their scalps too when you share these 21 idiotic

homographs on your Facebook page:

  1. Rita was too close to the door to close it.
  2. Dan’s wife said he should polish the Polish furniture on a regular basis.
  3. I did not object to the object in question.
  4. There is no time like the present to present a friend with a present.
  5. The vegetable farm was asked to produce organic produce for the local community.
  6. Unfortunately the insurance was invalid for the invalid.
  7. The dog lead was dangerous because it was made of lead.
  8. I had to hide the animal hide before my vegetarian friend came to dinner.
  9. A seamstress and a sewer fell down into a sewer pipeline.
  10. There was a row between the oarsmen about how to row properly.
  11. The wind was too strong to wind the sail.
  12. She shed a tear upon seeing the tear in the painting.
  13. The soldier had to desert his platoon in the desert.
  14. I had to subject the subject to a series of tests.
  15. The buck does get rather excited when the does are around.
  16. The dump was so full it had to refuse more refuse.
  17. To help plant the seeds the farmer taught his sow to sow.
  18. The contract was subject to the term that I didn’t contract an illness within the first two months.
  19. It took me a minute to locate the minute hole in the fence.
  20. After months of procrastination, Helen decided to resume writing her resume.
  21. I shall stop here because I am content with this content!

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How to Write a Book – The 10 Phases

You have finally decided that you want to write a book. You have determination, grit, and a laptop,

but where do you start? If you plan carefully and then work through all of the steps that it takes to go

from a blank page to thousands of written word, then you will be able to accomplish your goal!

1. Choose your topic

It should be something that you have a lot of knowledge about or that you can’t stop talking about.

You are going to be thinking and talking about this topic for several months, maybe even years,

so don’t choose a topic that you are going to be bored with in a few weeks.

2. Plan your book

The planning phase is important because it’s the road map that guides you through the original idea

from start to finish. When you have a framework, it helps you to work through the writing process,

fleshing out the details so that you won’t become bogged down later when you start writing your material.

A solid plan will identify your target market, the reason you are writing the book, and the subject matter

that you plan to cover.

3. Create an outline

This is an important phase of writing a book and will help you to reduce your writing time ten-fold.

Using the outline you created in step two, you will divide each chapter into a conversation

that you will have with one or two people. Next, you sit down with friends or colleagues and discuss

each chapter. Identify what the important points are that you want to make in each chapter.

How will you meet the emotional needs of your target market and address those in each chapter?

Make notes as you move through the chapter or you won’t be able to recall the discussion.

You may also consider recording the conversations. Next, transcribe the conversation and create

a detailed outline from that conversation. All of the main points that you want to cover in your chapter

should be in that transcript.

4. Make a plan

Set goals for yourself to write a certain amount by a certain time. Set out hours that you will work on

each day and stick to them. Let’s say you plan to write for two hours on Monday, Wednesday and Friday

and three hours on Saturday. Set out targets for your writing sessions and try to meet them.

Word count goals can be difficult to reach, but make sure you reward yourself when you reach them

by going out for a nice walk to stretch your legs.

5. Prepare your first draft

Now that you have created your outline and a plan with goals that you are determined to stick to,

it’s time to start fleshing out the details. Work through your itemized list and find out

if you will need any more data or information before you start writing. If you need to make certain points or

set out some facts, you may need to do some research into that area so that your writing is accurate.

Once you have located the information that you need, it can simply be inserted into the correct place

contained in the outline. As you work through your outline, you will naturally encounter things that you

would like to change, remove, add, or move around. You are free to do this, it’s your book and organization

and rearrangement will only serve to make your draft better.

6. Write your first draft

Once you have your initial draft fleshed out, you can find a comfortable and quiet area and start going

through your fleshed out and detailed outline. The material should all be fresh in your mind

so you can work through every item you have listed in the outline without having to do any writing.

Simply talk out loud into a recording device and get it down on tape. After you have done this,

you can either have it transcribed or listen to it yourself and start typing it into a word processing program.

7. Edit your first draft

Now that you have completed the first draft of your book, it’s time to read through the whole book

from start to finish. You want to check for flow, consistency and clarity. Do you find the material interesting?

You will know right away when you reach a point that needs to be edited further. As you read through your own material,

be sure to make notes of changes that you think need to be made. Make the changes or have someone else

make them and complete your second draft as quickly as you can.

8. Off to the editor

At this point, many people are ready to send their book to an editor for review and a final check.

An editor’s job is to review your material for flow, consistency and clarity (just as you did previously).

Fresh and professional eyes can spot any glaring errors or omissions quickly and efficiently.

If you can’t afford a professional editor, have a friend who is good at editing have a look at your draft.

9. Final review

As painful as it might be to you, you are going to have to read your material yet again.

This is the final time that you will need to read through the material, and at this point you are probably quite sick

and tired of what you have written. This is extremely common, so don’t worry, you are not alone.

This is the time to make any necessary changes and finalize your work. The final review and editing phase

does not take as long as the outline or drafting phases, but is a very important part of the process when you write a book.

10. Publish!

Many platforms allow people to self-publish these days, so it’s pretty easy to get your book published

and out in front of your target market without too much expense. The roadblocks for publishing

a book through commercial routes can be numerous and you may become discouraged quickly, so be prepared for this.




How to Write a Descriptive Essay

One of the keys to writing a descriptive essay is to create a picture in your reading audience’s mind

by engaging all five of their senses – smell, sight, touch, taste and sound. If you can do this,

then your essay is a success, if not, then you have a lot of work to do. The first steps in writing

a descriptive essay will lay the groundwork for the entire piece.

Step 1: Choose a topic

A descriptive essay will usually focus on a single event, a person, a location or an item.

When you write your essay, it is your job to convey your idea about that topic through your description of

that topic and the way that you lay things out for your reader. You need to show your reader

(not tell them) what you are trying to describe by illustrating a picture in their mind’s eye very carefully.

Your essay needs to be structured in a manner that helps your topic to make sense.

If you are describing an event, you will need to write your paragraphs in chronological order.

If you are writing about a person or a place you need to order the paragraphs so that

you start off in a general manner and then write more specific details later.

Your introductory paragraph sets the tone for the rest of the essay, so it needs

to set out all of the main ideas that you are going to cover in your essay.

Step 2: Create a statement

The next step is to create a thesis statement. This is a single idea that will be prominent throughout

your essay. It not only sets out the purpose of the essay, but regulates the way that the information is

conveyed in the writing of that essay. This is an introductory paragraph that sets out your topic framework.

Step 3: Get the senses right

Next, create five labelled columns on a sheet of paper, each one having a different of the five senses.

This labelled list will help you to sort out your thoughts as you describe your topic –

the taste, sight, touch, smell and sound of your topic can be sketched out among the columns.

List out in the columns any sensation or feeling that you associate with the topic that you are writing about.

You need to provide full sensory details that help to support the thesis. You can utilize literary tools such as

metaphors, similes, personification and descriptive adjectives.

Once you have the columns laid out you can start to fill them with details that help to support your thesis.

These should be the most interesting items that you have noted in your columns and will the details

that you flesh out into the paragraphs of the body of your essay. Topics are set out in each separate

paragraph and a topic sentence begins that paragraph and need to relate to your introductory paragraph

and your thesis.

Step 4: Create an outline

The next step is to create an outline listing the details of the discussion of each paragraph.

Students in high school are generally asked to write a five paragraph essay while college students are

given more freedom with the length of their piece. The standard five paragraph essay has a particular

structure including the introductory paragraph with the inclusion of a thesis statement, followed

by three body paragraphs which prove that statement.

Step 5: Write the conclusion

Finally, the conclusion paragraph makes a summary of the entirety of your essay. This conclusion also

needs to reaffirm your thesis (if necessary). Your conclusion needs to be well written because it is

the final thing to be read by your reader and will remain on their mind the longest after they have

read the remainder of your essay.

Step 6: Review your essay

It is important to take a break from your writing once you have completed the work. By stepping away from

the work for a short time you can clear your mind and take a short rest. You can then take a look at the essay

with fresh eyes and view it in much the same way that a person reading it will when they first see the piece.

After you have taken a short break or a walk (or whatever the case may be), read the entire essay again

thinking about your reader. You should ask yourself if you were the reader, would the essay make sense to you?

Is it easy to read so that anyone can understand what the topic of the essay is? Do any of the paragraphs

need to be rewritten because they are confusing and need to be better written to be descriptive?

Your choice of words and language need to convey what you are trying to describe when you talk about

a particular topic. The details that you have provided should give your reader enough information

that they can form a complete picture. Any details in the essay should help a reader to understand the

meaning of the topic from the writer’s point of view.

Read your entire essay over again, out loud this time. Sometimes reading something out loud can help

to identify any issues that should be worked out. Read the essay again to a friend or family member and

have them give you any criticisms that they might have. Have someone else ready your essay and then

ask them if anything needs to be clarified or if they received a clear picture from the details given in the essay.

Step 7: Finish it up

Finally, read your essay again very carefully and check for any grammar, punctuation or spelling errors

that are obvious within the essay. If you find any clichés, be sure to delete them, they certainly do not belong

in your essay. If there are any parts that are not completely descriptive or don’t make as much sense as

you would like them to, rewrite them once again and then follow the proof reading and reading aloud process

again to ensure that the final product is exactly as expected. You can never be too thorough when it comes

to reading the essay over again and checking for any areas that need to be reworked.












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